【暑期班】生活英语听说(2016暑期班) Unit 8

零粉 2016-08-24 22:34

Unit 8

Text

Health is the most important thing in the world. Health makes it possible for us to live, love, and laugh. It includes two aspects: first, physical health and secondly, mental health.

To keep physically healthy, first of all we should have a balanced diet. Eat more vegetables and fruits which are full of vitamins. We should also eat meat which provides us protein. Try to avoid junk food. Also regular physical exercise does well to our health. Sports like jogging and swimming help keep us healthy and happy. Bear in mind that a certain amount of exercise is not a waste of time. What's more we have to get rid of the bad habits that damage our health such as smoking, drinking, and staying up late. Develop some healthy habits such as going to bed early and rising early. Enough time for sleep will help one become rested and refreshed.

There are many ways to help achieve mental health. First we should have a positive attitude towards life. When we come across difficulties and setbacks, we should not be frustrated. Stay optimistic and brave. Secondly we should get along with our classmates, teachers and parents. They help us a lot. They are our treasures. Without them nothing seems enjoyable. Thirdly know how to lower your level of stress. Stress can encourage us to make progress but also may influence our life negatively. Relax yourself and always look on the bright side of life.

Physical health is equally important as well as mental health. Follow these suggestions and you will become a healthy person.


Dialogues

8-4

Betsy: Good morning Professor Day.

Sherman: Hi Betsy. You don't look too well.

Betsy: I haven’t been sleeping well recently. I just feel dizzy all the time. Final exams are coming up and I am just stressed out.

Sherman: Well you know, insomnia or lack of sleep comes from stress and maybe you need to take a break from some of the things some of your studies and spend some time doing some other things and get your sleep.

Betsy: That's true. I find that I’m not even studying efficiently because I’m thinking and stressing all the time.

Sherman: Well it affects all parts of your life and if you really want to enjoy your food and drink and your life, you need to get your sleep.

Betsy: That makes a lot of sense.

Sherman: And we have an old English proverb that says he who has health has hope and he that has hope has everything. Remember that Betsy.

Betsy: Thanks professor. I will remember that and I’ll make sure that I take better care of my health so that I can study better and just live better.

Sherman: Ok, I look forward to seeing you later.

Betsy: Oh, I hear the bell. I have to go to my class. Thanks professor. I’ll see you later.

Sherman: Ok. Good bye.

Betsy: Bye.


Jaidee: Hey! What happened to you? You have some serious dark circles around your eyes.

Michael: Oh, yes, I have a math test on Friday and I went swimming on Saturday morning and I work on my homework on Sunday afternoon.

Jaidee: Oh how stressed are you!

Michael: Oh I am really stressed and I feel very tired.

Jaidee: Oh poor boy, you are under so much stress. I think that you should find a way out or your insomnia will get worse and you might get some serious physical problems.

Michael: Oh is that worse?

Jaidee: Oh, I never thought it would be like this.

Michael: What should I do?

Jaidee: Umm… Maybe a short break or holiday might help. You can listen to music, play sports, sing, sleep, or do whatever you would love to do.

Michael: Oh. Thank you very much. I will go back home and have a good sleep.

Jaidee: oh I was at my Shakespeare class just now and he once said that “A light heart lives long”, so I think you shouldn’t be so hard on yourself.

Michael: Oh thank you.

Jaidee: Oh I hope you sleep well. Bye.

Michael: Bye.


8-5

Jessica: Kirk! It’s nine o'clock in the morning. How are you so energetic?

Kirk: Well. I think part of it is my personality, but another important part is definitely staying healthy.

Jessica: And how do you stay healthy?

Kirk: Well there are a few things one part is definitely getting enough sleep. I always try to go to bed at a decent time.

Jessica: And do you balance that with a healthy diet?

Kirk: Yeah of course. I always try to eat healthy meals and stay away from unhealthy sugary foods.

Jessica: And I guess that is just as important as doing regular exercise. Do you exercise regularly?

Kirk: Yeah of course. Every morning, actually, I go for a run.

Jessica: Wow.

Kirk: Yeah I’ve always loved running since I was young.

Jessica: Wow that’s amazing. You are such a sporty person. Do you do a lot of sports outside otherwise?

Kirk: Emm. I also enjoy soccer and tennis.

Jessica: Amazing!

Kirk: Do you have any healthy habits?

Jessica: Umm I go running a few times a week and try to go swimming as well try and stay healthy.

Kirk: That is really great.


Liam: Hi Jess. I haven't seen you in a long time. Where have you been?

Jess: I’ve actually just come back from Japan with my roommate. Have you ever been there?

Liam: Japan, no I have never been there. How was your trip?

Jess: Honestly, it wasn't too great. The place is beautiful and the scenery was so pretty but I didn’t like the food at all.

Liam: That’s really surprising. I’ve heard that Japan is famous for sushi. Do you not like it?

Jess: I can eat some of the sushi. They had vegetable sushi but honestly I cannot stand raw fish

Although I have to admit it is very healthy diet. It’s just I just couldn't get used to it

Liam: I have to be honest I don't think I’d like raw fish too much either. I much prefer American food to Japanese food.

Jess: But you can learn a lot from the diet in Japan. They always use high quality and fresh ingredients and I think that’s something they really emphasize the freshness of the food and it’s so healthy.

Liam: Ok wow. That sounds so terrific. Although I really love desserts. I have such a sweet tooth. I cannot live without them. Do they have nice desserts in Japan?

Jess: Yeah honestly, I’m the same as you on that one but yeah they have some terrific desserts in Japan. But remember too much sugar is bad for you

Liam: Yeah, need to do lots of exercise.

Jess: But I definitely recommend you go there see the scenery and to see the healthy lifestyle as well.

Liam: Of course. Really hope I get a chance to go some day.


8-6

Kirk: Hey Jennifer.

Jennifer: Hey Kirk.

Kirk: You look thinner than before.

Jennifer: Oh really? Thanks! I am on a diet to stay thin. Guess what I haven't eaten since yesterday.

Kirk: Wow I can’t understand why everyone around me is going on a diet. I don't think diets are good for you.

Jennifer: Well I really want to lose some weight and slim down a bit.

Kirk: Well it’s not good to never be satisfied with your weight. It’s a better idea to start with a balanced diet so you don't get unhealthy in the first place.

Jennifer: Well, I know that. But what should people who are already unhealthy do to lose weight?

Kirk: Well of course healthy eating is a good place to start but things like daily exercise can contribute a lot as well.

Jennifer: Umm I’m really craving chocolates now, but I’m afraid that my weight will go up again.

Kirk: Well as long as you have a healthy diet and exercise regularly, eating chocolate once in a while won't be that bad.

Jennifer: I guess. Well, for starters, I have really cut out soda and replaced it with diet coke. It really seems to be working. By the way how do you know so much about dieting?

Kirk: Well it turns out I used to weigh twice as much as I do right now.

Jennifer: Oh my god! Unbelievable! What?


Michael: Look! I got full marks on the math mid-exam. Mr. Wu said this exam was more difficult than ever.

Jessica: Well-done, you are really a genius.

Michael: Ah, I think so. I think I am on the top of the world.

Jessica: Don’t get too confident. Don't you know there is an old saying” Laugh out of the other side of your mouth”?

Michael: No, what does that mean? My English is not really good.

Jessica: It means that once joy reaches its peak, next is sorrow.

Michael: Come on! That can't be. Confidence is the mother of success.

Jessica: Confidence is important but whatever you do you are bound to end up going in the opposite direction, if you exceed the limit. If you want to do better you have to work harder. Extreme happiness may have a negative influence.

Michael: Yes. Maybe you are right.

Jessica: Yes. Try to keep an even keel no matter what happens.


Tian Yuan: Daddy, my two classmates quarreled today.

Prof. Zhang: Why?

Tian Yuan: It was such a tiny thing. They argued about the space to store their books. The teacher criticized them.

Prof. Zhang: This is what’s called classmate conflict. Classroom conflicts among middle school students are pretty common on campus. So what did you think of that?

Tian Yuan: They shouldn’t quarrel about such a tiny thing. I think learning to be tolerant of each other could help us deal with classmate conflicts.

Prof. Zhang: Yes, you, the middle school students, are the only children in your families. You should learn how to compromise.

Tian Yuan: Communication is also very important, because many conflicts result from misunderstandings.

Prof. Zhang: Good. I’m glad you’re so grown up and know how to deal with problems.

Tian Yuan: Don’t worry. I would never quarrel with my classmates. If I were one of them, I would allow the other person to store his books in my space. It doesn’t matter.

Prof. Zhang: You’re such a nice girl.


A few decades ago, very few kids went to therapy. Now it's much more common. When teens are having family trouble or problems in school, they may feel sad or angry - and need help sorting out their feelings, finding solutions to their problems, or just feeling better. That's when therapy can help.


For example, one may

  • ž feel sad, depressed, worried, shy, or just stressed out
  • ž be dealing with a learning problem
  • ž be dealing with family problems such as alcoholism, addiction or divorce
  • ž be dieting or overeating for too long and it becomes a problem
  • ž be dealing with problems like managing anger or coping with peer pressure
  • ž want to build self-confidence or figure out ways to make more friends
  • ž want to get rid of a habit such as smoking, spending too much money, or getting hooked on websites


In short, therapy offers people support when they are going through difficult times.


What do therapists do?

Most types of therapy include talking and listening, building trust, and receiving support and guidance. Sometimes therapists may recommend reading books or keeping a journal. Some people prefer to sing or draw, while others feel more comfortable just talking.


What happens during therapy?

If you see a therapist, he or she will talk with you about your feelings, thoughts, relationships, and important values. You may set goals together, such as

  • ž feeling less depressed or less anxious
  • ž improving grades at school
  • ž making healthier choices
  • ž figuring out how to gain confidence and make more friends
  • ž learning to manage anger and frustration
  • ž improving self-esteem
  • ž getting rid of bad habits


Seeing a therapist doesn’t mean you’re crazy. Getting help in dealing with emotions and stressful situations is just like when students see tutors or coaches for extra help with schoolwork or sports. If you think that therapy could help you, ask an adult you trust — like a parent, school counselor, or doctor- to find a therapist.

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